Typhoid fever Transmission and it's prevention and control

Typhoid fever :

Typhoid fever , D Pharmacy , B pharmacy notes

Causative agent :

Typhoid fever is a communicable disease caused by salmonella typhi.The term enteric fever includes both typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever. The symptoms of typhoid fever are :

(1) Continuous fever for 3 to 4 weeks.There is a step wise increase to the extent of 1 degree every day.(step ladder pyrexia)
(2) Relative bradycardia
(3) Severe headache, back pain with dry and coated tongue.

Transmission :

The source of infection are feces and urine of cases and carries. It is transmitted mainly by contaminated water and food. It is also transmitted by fingers and flies.

Prevention and control :

(1)  Early diagnosis by culture of blood and stools.
(2)  Notification to health authorities.
(3)  Isolation of the patient to prevent spread of infection.
(4)  Disinfection of urine and stools.
(5)  Detection of carriers and treating them.
(6)  Sanitary measures like safe drinking water and food hygiene.

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